Do you Know the Red Flags for Dyslexia?

Updated: Sep 1


Boy in classroom writing

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurologically-based. It is characterized by difficulties, despite average or above average intelligence, with:

  • spelling

  • decoding

  • reading fluency

  • word recognition

  • reading comprehension


Some red flags for a learning disability are:

  • delayed speech and/or language skills

  • poor phonological skills

  • difficulty learning the name of the letters of the alphabet and their sound

  • letter and number reversal (*may be normal for certain letters up until grade 2)

  • poor verbal memory

  • difficulty sounding out simple words (cat, map...)

  • difficulty reading frequent sight words (what, the, she...)

  • family history of language and/or learning disability


Speech-language pathologists are trained to assess, and treat, skills solicited in reading and writing, such as:

  • phonological awareness

  • word decoding

  • word recognition

  • reading fluency

  • reading comprehension

  • processing speed

  • spelling

  • grammar

  • reading comprehension

  • automatic rapid naming

  • working memory

  • grapheme-phoneme conversion...


If you have any concerns with your child's reading and/or writing skills, you can reach out to your child's school to discuss your concerns. You can also seek out services for a screening or assessment with a speech-language pathologist.


Early identification and intervention are key for long term academic success for a student struggling to read and write!


Sharon Burgess,

M.H..Sc. SLP, Reg. CASLPO

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